In the Australian Curriculum, students become numerate as they develop the knowledge and skills to use mathematics confidently across other learning areas at school and in their lives more broadly. Numeracy encompasses the knowledge, skills, behaviours and dispositions that students need to use mathematics in a wide range of situations. It involves students recognising and understanding the role of mathematics in the world and having the dispositions and capacities to use mathematical knowledge and skills purposefully.


When teachers identify numeracy demands across the curriculum, students have opportunities to transfer their mathematical knowledge and skills to contexts outside the mathematics classroom. These opportunities help students recognise the interconnected nature of mathematical knowledge, other learning areas and the wider world, and encourage them to use their mathematical skills broadly.


The key ideas for Numeracy are organised into six interrelated elements in the learning continuum:

·         Using spatial reasoning

·         Using fractions, decimals, percentages, ratios and rates

·         Interpreting statistical information

·         Using measurement and relationships

·         Estimating and calculating with whole numbers

·         Recognising and using patterns